iStock_000007021768XLargeOil properties

The oil has a watery viscosity and is pale greenish-yellow in color. The aroma is clear, light and peppery and gives a sweet, green top note to blends.


Basil originates from tropical Asia and the Pacific Islands. Is now cultivated throughout Europe and the USA. The plant is an annual hairy herb growing up to 1 meter. The flowers range from white to pink, depending on the species.

Extraction essential oil

The oil is extracted by steam distillation from the leaves and the flowering tops.

Chemical composition

Basil oil has various chemical compounds that include a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, myrcene, limonene, cis-ocimene, camphor, linalool, methyl chavicol, y-terpineol, citronellol, geraniol, methyl cinnamate and eugenol.

Therapeutic properties

The therapeutic properties of basil oil are analgesic, antidepressant, antispasmodic, anti-venomous, carminative, cephalic, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide, nervine, stomachic, sudorific, tonic and stimulant.